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Ethausva is an Etruscan Goddess of childbirth and midwifery. She is depicted on the back of many Etruscan bronze mirrors, which were commonly engraved with scenes from mythology. She is shown as a beautiful young Goddess Who is richly dressed, and She usually sports a pair of wings. On these mirrors She assists in the birth of Menrfa from the head of Tinia (the Etruscan version of the birth of Athene from Zeus's head), holding the God's head, steadying Him as Menrva bursts out, or holding Menrva Herself. She is oftentimes shown with either Thanr or Thalna (or both of them), two other Etruscan midwife Deities, and the three of them seem to be associates.

Her name may be an Etruscan rendition of Greek Hestia or Roman Vesta, the Goddess of fire and beginnings, with Whom She was equated. She also may be one of the Deities referred to on the famous bronze liver discovered in Piacenza, where the abbreviation ETH may stand for Her name. Etruscan magicians were famous for the divinatory practice of haruspicy (aka hepatomancy), or the art of reading portents in the liver of a freshly sacrificed sheep. Lumps, bumps and deformities were interpreted according to the area of the liver involved, and the bronze model is believed to have been a teaching tool. Ethausva's name (if that is what it is) is in a position around the edge just below the gall bladder, corresponding to the south, or most favorable region.

Ethausva has other connections to divination and prophetic abilities—She was the mother of Mincius, the God of the Tuscan river of the same name (the modern river Mincio) that flows into the Po, not far from Mantua. According to legend, Mantua was named for the Prophetess Manto, (daughter to the famous Greek seer Teiresias), who was the wife of Mincius.

Alternate spelling: Ethaushva, Iqavusva

She is equated with Vesta.