The Goddesses of ancient Rome have various origins, as one might expect of the pantheon of a conquering people. Many have their roots in the ancient tribes of the Italian peninsula such as the Oscan, Umbrian, or Picene peoples, who were related culturally and linguistically to the Latins, and who were eventually absorbed into the Roman Republic. (The linguistic exception, of course, is the Etruscans: though Rome adopted or inherited a sizeable portion of its religious doings from them, the Etruscan language is not related to Latin. Well, to be more precise, it is not related to anything at all, though loopy theories abound.) Some Goddesses come from a bit farther afield, brought by people like the Greeks settlers who founded a colony in south-western Italy called Magna Graecia, which is why "Naples" comes from the Greek Neapolis, or "New City". In later times, Goddesses from an even wider understanding of the world were imported from places like Egypt and Syria. As this is a directory of obscure Goddesses, however, many of those listed below are quite local; tied to, for example, an exceptional spring or range of hills, or perhaps acting as the specific patroness or namesake of a city.
So, then, to explain how this directory works: each of the (good-sized) entries below includes aspects of the individual Goddess, information on how She was worshipped, the location where She was honored, holidays associated with Her, other Goddesses who are related to or identified with Her, &c. All the Etruscan Goddesses are listed within the Roman ones on this page as it is not always easy to sort them out; however the more obvious ones are also separated onto their own page so you can get a feel for who's who. Continental Celtic Goddesses (of whom there are about a gajillion), who were known in locations which at times did fall within the limits of the Roman Empire will in the future have their own page for the sake of cultural clarity. Non-obvious variants or alternate names are given on this page but will link to a single article; if you didn't know for instance that Tanaquil and Caia Caecilia were one and the same you'd never figure it out from Her names alone. Epithets and aspects of some of the more major Goddesses such as Juno, Fortuna, and Venus are listed individually, and they are also gathered up on their own index pages, which are in bold below; some epithets, such as (Aphrodite) Erycina, or (Juno) Lucina, were separate Goddesses in their own right that later became connected with more well-known Goddesses.
Also, articles marked with an * have illustrations, by me: mostly (though not all) are from the Goddess Oracle Deck.
One more note: please do not reproduce this material. You are perfectly free to print out copies for your own personal or religious use, of course, and if you'd like to link to these pages I'd be delighted; but please do not just cut and paste the material to your own web site. Thank you, and enjoy!
And another note: I was sorta kinda doing these in alphabetical order, but if there's a (Roman only, and for now excluding Romano-Celtic, since I'm nowhere near there yet) Goddess article you'd like to see, just ask and I'll see what I can do.
Abeona, Abundantia,* Acca Larentia, Achuvitr, Adiona, Adolenda, Aecetia, Aegeria, Aequitas, Aestas, Aeternitas,* Albunea, Alemona, Alpan, Anagtia, Anceta, Angerona, Angitia,* Anna Perenna, Annona, Antevorta, Antiat, Appias, Arethusa, Augusta, Aurora.
Caca, Caia Caecilia, Calva, Camenae, Campestres, Candilifera, Canens, Caprotina, Cardea, Carmenta, Carna, Catha, Cels, Ceres,* Cilens, Cinxia, Clementia, Clivicola, Cloacina, Coinquenda, Collatina, Commolenda, Conciliatrix, Concordia, Conservatrix, Consiva, Copia, Cotys, Cuba, Culsu, Cunina, Cupra, Curiatia, Curitis, Cyane, Cybele.
Dea Caelestis, Dea Cupra, Dea Dia, Dea Marica, Dea Quartiana, Dea Syria, Dea Tertiana, Decima, Deferunda, Deiuai, Deverra, Diana,* Dido, Dii Involuti, Dii Superiores, Disciplina, Discordia, Diva Angerona, Domiduca, Dubia, Duellona.
Fama, Fauna, Fatua, Fausta Felicitas, Febris, Februtis, Fecunditas, Felicitas, Felix, Ferentina, Feronia, Fessonia, Fides, Flanona, Flora, Fluonia, Flusia, Fons, Fornax, Fors, Fortuna, Fortuna Bona, Fortuna of Good Hope, Fortuna Huiusce Diei, Fraus, Frutesca, Frutis, Fufetia, Fulgora, Furies, Furrina, Futrei Kerriiai.
Lacinia, Laetitia, Lala, Lara, Larunda, Lasa, Latona, Laverna,* Lavinia, Leinth, Lemuria, Levana, Libera, Libertas, Liberum, Libitina, Lignaco Dex, Limentina, Lina, Losna, Lua, Lucania, Lucetia, Lucina, Luna, Lupa, Lympha, Lyssa.
Ma, Maatreis Maauissa, Mafitei, Magna Mater, Mah-Bellona, Maia, Maia Maiestas, Mala, Malavisch, Mammosa, Manens, Mania, Manturnea, Marica, Martialis, Mater Larum, Mater Matuta, Matres Suleviae, Matrona, Maturna, Matuta, Mean, Meditrina, Mellona, Menrfa, Mens, Mephitis, Mera, Mercia, Messia, Minerva, Miseria, Mlacuch, Mobilis, Molae, Moneta, Mors, Morta, Muliebris, Munthuch, Muta.
Palatua, Pales, Pallor, Panda, Parcae, Patelana, Patricia, Pavor, Pax, Pecunia, Pellonia, Penates, Perficia, Pertunda, Perusina, Peta, Phersipnai, Pietas, Plebis, Poena, Pomona,* Postvorta, Populonia, Porrima, Potina, Prema, Prestota, Primigenia, Privata, Promitor, Pronuba, Prorsa, Proserpina, Providentia, Publica, Pudicitia, Pulvinensis.
Vacuna, Vagitanus, Valentina, Valetudo, Vallonia, Vanth,* Venilia, Venus, Vesta,* Vicapota, Victoria, Virginia, Virgo, Virilis, Viriplaca, Virtis, Viscata, Vitellia, Voltumna, Volumna, Voluntina, Volupia.